【主题】Gender Stereotypes Alter the Gender Gap in Performance under Competition
【时间】2021年6月16日 星期三 14:00–15:30
【摘要】Gender stereotypes in certain tasks are believed to exist. We conjecture that such gender stereotypes in tasks can alter the gender gap in performance. We run a laboratory experiment with real-effort tasks under framing and gender information treatments that can generate and reinforce gender-stereotypical behaviors. We propose two novel gender-oriented tasks: reaction-focused clicking as a male-oriented task and memory-focused face recall as a female-oriented task. The clicking task shows a marginal difference in gender performance at baseline, while females perform significantly better at face recall. The framing treatment informs subjects about performance differences by gender, and the gender information treatment makes it salient that the participants are competing against the opposite gender. In the clicking task, such treatments sharply increase male productivity and deteriorate female productivity, leading to a significant gender gap in performance. However, face-recall performance is hardly affected by the treatments. This implies that men are more affected by gender stereotypes in a male-oriented task. In addition, participants experienced learning in the clicking task, while the face-recall task involved more fatigue effects over each round, which seemed greater for men. (Joint with Ming Jiang (Shanghai Jiaotong University), and SeEun Jung (Inha University)).